What to do if you become unemployed
If you become unemployed, Min A-kasse can help you to move on, both by providing qualified advice about the specific rules you need to meet to be entitled to unemployment benefits and by providing feedback about how to move on from your unemployment situation. You are always welcome to phone or write us or book a counselling interview with one of our staff.
You can also read our Benefits Compass to find the most importens aspects of being unemployed in Denmark.
If you become unemployed, you must remember the following:
Registering with the Job Centre
It is important that you register with the Job Centre on the very first day of your unemployment. Min A-kasse may not disburse unemployment benefits until the day from which you have registered yourself as unemployed. You can register at the Job Centre on their website Jobnet.dk. When you receive an electronic receipt, this means that your registration has been recorded. You can also register by reporting to the Job Centre in person. If the Job Centre is closed on your first day of unemployment, you must register on the first day after this when the Job Centre is open.
Check your job options on Jobnet.dk on an ongoing basis: You must check your job options on Jobnet.dk at least once every 7 days.
Creation of a CV: You have to submit a CV to the Job Centre’s website Jobnet.dk within two weeks from the day you registered with the Job Centre.
Interview at the Job Centre: You must report in person to interviews at the Job Centre when called on to do so. At the interviews, you will be notified of the Job Centre’s role and the offers which you have a right and an obligation to accept.
CV and guidance interview: You will be called in to a CV interview at Min A-kasse no later than 2 weeks after you become unemployed. At the CV interview, we approve your CV and make sure that it meets the legal requirements.
Entitlement to unemployment benefits: Min A-kasse has to receive documentation specifying that you are entitled to receive unemployment benefits before we may pay benefits to you. The entitlement to unemployment benefits is contingent on you being a member of an unemployment fund (a-kasse) for 1 year, and that within the past 3 years you have reported wage-earnings in the Income Registry at SKAT (customs and excise authorities) for 52 weeks (1,924 paid working hours) if you are full-time insured, or 34 weeks (1,258 paid working hours) if you are part-time insured. Your employment must have taken place within your period of membership. Min A-kasse will take care of retrieving the documentation required.
What you need to send in You must fill in an unemployment statement in the self-service section of Min A-kasse’s website or download it here.
The unemployment statement is:
- form AR 251 if you are a wage earner;
- form AR 265 if you have just completed an apprenticeship/study programme or are liable for military service.
If you receive a pension or run a proprietary enterprise as a sideline, you must also fill in and submit form AR 259. Please send an overview of your pension along with your first pension payment slip.
If you have been absent from work, you must fill in an absence statement (form AR 296), on which you specify your absence over the past 18–24 months. You must specify any holiday leave periods, lieu time, time off at your own expense or other time off.
If, in the last portion of your employment relationship, you were employed outside the working hours provided for by the collective agreement, you must specify your additional hours on form AR 232. The specification period comprises the last 3 months for employees paid on a monthly basis and 12 weeks for employees paid weekly or fortnightly. All additional hours must be taken as lieu time before you may be paid unemployment benefits.
Please send a copy of your notice of termination and write a supplementary statement about the reason your employment has ceased.
Send in this documentation to Min A-kasse as soon as possible. The sooner we receive your information, the better your possibility of having us expedite your case and making sure you receive unemployment benefits or other benefits on time.
Filling in the unemployment benefits card: You must fill in and submit an unemployment benefits card on the second to last Sunday of every month. You can download an electronic unemployment benefits card by clicking Min A-kasse’s self-service. You can also write or phone Min A-kasse, and we will send you an unemployment benefits card by post. You can submit the unemployment benefits card electronically by clicking Min A-kasse’s self-service or by sending in a paper card by post. Your unemployment benefits will be transferred to your bank account on the last banking day of the month.
Special conditions for terminating a proprietary enterprise as primary occupation
If you have run a proprietary enterprise as your primary occupation, you must submit an unemployment statement for proprietary enterprise owners AR 256, as well as a statement of significance. Both statements are accessible by way of our self-service function. If you have ceased to operate your enterprise on more than a temporary basis, you are required to document this by submitting sales agreements, VAT deregistration, and a receipt of sale for operating equipment.
Depending on the individual case, you will in many instances have to submit annual reports, ledgers, enterprise description, etc., and if the enterprise has been operated for more than 3 financial years, a statement for calculation, AR 255, must also be submitted.